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Hybrid Cars Between Exist and None

One morning, in the Kemang area, south of Jakarta, a luxury sedan crossed the highway that was beginning to be cluttered with vehicles. Blue metallic street mica saloon clearly written "Hybrid" on the right side of the buttocks of the car. The Toyota logo and Camry writing are also attached to the rows of bright red stern lights.

Finding a Toyota Camry hybrid paved on the highway in Jakarta is quite rare. In fact, "hybrid" or hybrid cars are not new to the country's automobile world. Its existence can not be separated from the Toyota Prius which has officially started to enter Indonesia since 2009.

Prior to the arrival of the Prius, energy-efficient and low-emission four-wheeled vehicles in Indonesia were still images. As its name suggests, hybrid cars have gasoline / diesel / gas and battery-based power sources - which operate alternately. This system saves fuel, because in traffic jams or descents, the battery power of the car works. Hybrid cars are now growing with the presence of a hybrid version of the plug-in - the power source can also be charged at home.

For example, the 4th generation Toyota Prius would be able to reduce fuel consumption to 40.8 km / liter.

With its advantages, hybrid cars in Indonesia have a very small population. The majority of players are Toyota with Prius, Camry and Alphard. The others are Honda CR-Z, Infiniti, Lexus, Nissan X-Trail Hybrid, whose sales are still limited.

Toyota, a hybrid manufacturer in Indonesia until early February 2017, has sold only 1,473 hybrid car units. This amount is certainly very small compared to car sales in Indonesia each year, which penetrates 1 million units. Especially compared to the national automotive population of at least 11.4 million units (BPS 2013).

The high price compared to conventional cars is the main reason for the development of hybrid cars in Indonesia. At present, hybrid cars remain the luxury of driving for the vehicle owner rather than as a symbol of "green cars". For example, the Toyota Camry Hybrid is priced at Rp. 774.1 million per unit, while the conventional version is sold for only Rp. 500 million. This price issue is often associated with government incentives, particularly with respect to taxes.

Road to creepy hybrid cars

Several government regulations have been developed to support the automotive industry. One of the cars that receives the red carpet tax incentives is the low-cost car and the green car (LCGC). Regulation No. 33 / M-IND / PER / 7/2013 of the Minister of Industry concerning the development of the production of low cost four-wheeled motorized vehicles (KBH2) or "cheap cars", levies a tax on the sale of luxury BM) exemption. In the wake of Agya's ALCA LCGC film, Karimun Wagon, Satya was able to liven up the streets.

This incentive arises from Government Regulation (PP) No. 41 of 2013 concerning taxable goods classified in luxury in the form of motor vehicles submitted to the PPn BM. Ironically, gas-powered cars and energy-efficient cars such as hybrid PP vehicles are 75% taxed by BM's BM. PP No. 22 of 2014 concerning the amendment of Government Regulation No. 41 of 2013 was revised intermittently one year, and the list of hybrid cars was not included in the provisions of the vehicle that had been modified. This confirms that the government still places hybrid cars as luxury goods.

Currently, the Department of Industry (Department of Industry) is reviewing policies for incentive programs for low emission vehicles or low carbon vehicles (LCEVs). This plan is indeed reasonable, because the previous program, LCGC, was deemed to have departed from the original idea, because the price of cheap cars was no longer cheap.